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Luis-Bunuel

Luis Bunuel

Male
114 years old
Calanda, Teruel, Aragón
Spain
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February 22, 1900

July 29, 1983

Luis Buñuel Portolés

Jeanne Buñuel (1925 – his death)

Did we miss any?

Writer

La novia de medianoche (1997) (previous unproduced screenplay)

Igra o pamcenju i umiranju (1984) (TV) (novel)

Cet obscur objet du désir (1977) (scenario) (as Luis Bunuel) (director)

Le fantôme de la liberté (1974) (writer, director, actor)

Le moine (1972) (screenplay) (as Luis Bunuel)

Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (1972) (writer, director) (as Luis Bunuel)

Johnny Got His Gun (1971) (uncredited)

Una historia decente (1971) (book)

Tristana (1970) (screen story) (director, producer)

La voie lactée (1969) (writer, director, actor)

Belle de jour (1967) (adaptation and dialogue) (as Luis Bunuel) (director, actor)

Simón del desierto (1965) (story, screenplay and dialogue, director)

Le journal d'une femme de chambre (1964) (writer, director)

El ángel exterminador (1962) (screenplay and dialogue, director)

Viridiana (1961) (screenplay) (story)(director)

The Young One (1960) (screenplay, director)

La fièvre monte à El Pao (1959) (writer, director)

Nazarín (1959) (writer, director)

La mort en ce jardin (1956) (adaptation, director)

Cela s'appelle l'aurore (1956) (adaptation, director)

El río y la muerte (1955) (writer, director)

Ensayo de un crimen (1955) (writer, director)

Robinson Crusoe (1954) (screenplay, director)

Abismos de pasión (1954) (adaptation) (story)(director)

El (1953) (screenplay) (as Luis Fernandez Breton)(director)

El bruto (1953) (writer, director)

Una mujer sin amor (1952) (technical screenplay, director)

Subida al cielo (1952) (adaptation, director)

Susana (1951) (writer, director)

Si usted no puede, yo sí (1951) (story)

Los olvidados (1950) (writer, director)

¡Centinela, alerta! (1937) (writer, co-director, producer)

España 1936 (1937) (screenplay, producer) (story)

¿Quién me quiere a mí? (1936) (writer, co-director, producer)

Don Quintín el amargao (1935) (screenplay,producer) (uncredited)

Las Hurdes (1933) (commentary) (writer, director, producer)

L'âge d'or (1930) (scenario) (as Bunuel)(director, actor)

Un chien andalou (1929) (scenario) (as Louis Bunuel)(director, actor, producer)

La chute de la maison Usher (1928) (adaptation)

Director

La ilusión viaja en tranvía (1954)

La hija del engaño (1951)

El gran calavera (1949)

Gran Casino (Tampico) (1947)

Actor

En este pueblo no hay ladrones (1965

Llanto por un bandido (1964)

La hija de Juan Simón (1935)

Carmen (1926)

Mauprat (1926)

Producer

La hija de Juan Simón (1935)

Appearances

Buñuel (1984)

El náufrago de la Calle Providencia (1971)

"Cinéastes de notre temps" (1 episode, 1964)

"Cinépanorama" (1 episode, 1960)

Montparnasse (1929)

The Academy Awards

1978 Nominated Oscar Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium for: Cet obscur objet du désir (1977). Shared with Jean-Claude Carrière

1973 Nominated Oscar Best Writing, Story and Screenplay Based on Factual Material or Material Not Previously Published or Produced for: Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (1972). Shared with: Jean-Claude Carrière (collaboration)

Ariel Awards, Mexico

1956 Won Golden Ariel for Robinson Crusoe (1954)

1956 Won Silver Ariel Best Direction (Mejor Dirección) for: Robinson Crusoe (1954)

1956 Nominated Golden Ariel for: Ensayo de un crimen (1955)

1956 Nominated Silver Ariel Best Direction (Mejor Dirección) for: Ensayo de un crimen (1955)

1956 Nominated Silver Ariel Best Screenplay (Mejor Adaptación) for: Ensayo de un crimen (1955). Shared with: Eduardo Ugarte

1953 Nominated Golden Ariel for: Subida al cielo (1952)

1953 Nominated Silver Ariel Best Direction (Mejor Dirección) for: Subida al cielo (1952)

1951 Won Golden Ariel for: Los olvidados (1950)

1951 Won Silver Ariel Best Direction (Mejor Dirección) for: Los olvidados (1950)

1951 Won Silver Ariel Best Original Story (Mejor Argumento Original) for: Los olvidados (1950). Shared with Luis Alcoriza

1951 Won Silver Ariel Best Screenplay (Mejor Adaptación) for: Los olvidados (1950). Shared with Luis Alcoriza

BAFTA Awards

1974 Won BAFTA Film Award Best Screenplay for: Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (1972). Shared with: Jean-Claude Carrière

1974 Nominated BAFTA Film Award Best Direction
for: Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (1972)

1974 Nominated BAFTA Film Award Best Sound Track
for: Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (1972).
Shared with: Guy Villette

Berlin International Film Festival

1969 Won FIPRESCI Prize - Honorable Mention
For the body of his works

1969 Won Interfilm Award for: La voie lactée (1969) The movie screened out-of-competition.

Bodil Awards

1968 Won Bodil Best European Film (Bedste europæiske film) for: Belle de jour (1967)

1963 Won Bodil Best Non-European Film (Bedste ikke-europæiske film) for El ángel exterminador (1962)

1961 Won Bodil Best Non-European Film (Bedste ikke-europæiske film) for: Nazarín (1959)

Cannes Film Festival

1962 Nominated Golden Palm for: El ángel exterminador (1962)

1961 Won Golden Palm for: Viridiana (1961). Tied with Une aussi longue absence (1961)

1960 Won Special Mention for: The Young One (1960)

1960 Nominated Golden Palm for: The Young One (1960)

1959 Won International Prize for: Nazarín (1959)

1959 Nominated Golden Palm for: Nazarín (1959)

1953 Nominated Grand Prize of the Festival for El (1953)

1952 Nominated Grand Prize of the Festival
for: Subida al cielo (1952)

1951 Won Best Director for: Los olvidados (1950)

1951 Nominated Grand Prize of the Festival for: Los olvidados (1950)

Cinema Writers Circle Awards, Spain

1979 Won CEC Award Best Director (Mejor Director)
for: Cet obscur objet du désir (1977)

1971 Won CEC Award Best Director (Mejor Director)
for: Tristana (1970)

César Awards, France

1978 Nominated César Best Director (Meilleur réalisateur) for: Cet obscur objet du désir (1977)

1978 Nominated Cesar Best Writing - Original or Adaptation (Meilleur scénario, original ou adaptation) for: Cet obscur objet du désir (1977).
Shared with: Jean-Claude Carrière

French Syndicate of Cinema Critics

1973 Won Critics Award Best Film for: Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (1972)

1968 Won Critics Award Best Film for: Belle de jour (1967) Tied with Mouchette (1967)

Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists

1975 Won Silver Ribbon Best Director - Foreign Film (Regista del Miglior Film Straniero)
for: Le fantôme de la liberté (1974)

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards

1977 Won LAFCA Award Best Foreign Film for Cet obscur objet du désir (1977)

Moscow International Film Festival

1979 Won Honorary Prize For the contribution to the cinema.

National Board of Review

1977 Won NBR Award Best Director for Cet obscur objet du désir (1977)

National Society of Film Critics Awards

1977 Won NSFC Award Best Director for Cet obscur objet du désir (1977)

1973 Won NSFC Award Best Director for Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (1972)

Sant Jordi Awards

1973 Career Award

1970 Won Sant Jordi Best Film (Mejor Película Española) for Tristana (1970)

Venice Film Festival

1982 Career Golden Lion

1967 Won Golden Lion for: Belle de jour (1967)

1967 Won Pasinetti Award Best Film for Belle de jour (1967)

1965 Won FIPRESCI Prize for Simón del desierto (1965)

1965 Won Special Jury Prize for Simón del desierto (1965) Tied with Modiga mindre män (1965) and Mne dvadtsat let (1964)

1965 Nominated Golden Lion for: Simón del desierto (1965)

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Director Luis Bunuel Behind The Camera Director Luis Bunuel Luis Bunuel


A writer of a painter cannot change the world. But they can keep an essential margin of non-conformity alive.

I have a soft spot for secret passageways, bookshelves that open into silence, staircases that go down into a void, and hidden safes. I even have one myself, but I won't tell you where. At the other end of the spectrum are statistics which I hate with all my heart.

I've always found insects exciting.

Sex without religion is like cooking an egg without salt. Sin gives more chances to desire.

Fortunately, somewhere between chance and mystery lies imagination, the only thing that protects our freedom, despite the fact that people keep trying to reduce it or kill it off altogether.

In the name of Hippocrates, doctors have invented the most exquisite form of torture ever known to man: survival.
Frankly, despite my horror of the press, I'd love to rise from the grave every ten years or so and go buy a few newspapers.

Religious education and surrealism have marked me for life.

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His father was Leonardo Buñuel, the cultivated scion of an established Aragonese family, and his mother was María Portolés, many years younger than her husband, with wealth and family connections of her own.

Buñuel received a strict Jesuit education at the private Colegio del Salvador in Zaragoza. After being kicked and insulted by the study hall proctor before a final exam, Buñuel refused to return to the school. He finished the last two years of his high school education at the local public school.

In his youth, Buñuel was deeply religious, serving at Mass and taking Communion every day, until, at age 16, he grew disgusted with what he perceived as the illogicality of the Church, along with its power and wealth.

In 1917, he went to university at the University of Madrid, first studying agronomy then industrial engineering and finally switching to philosophy.

He was a pioneer of cinematic surrealism and he launched ferocious attacks on the church, fascism and conventional bourgeois morality, building images with a dreamlike logic, delicious irony and swathes of black humor. A quarter of a century since his passing he remains cinema’s greatest iconoclast.

In 1925 he studied cinema at the Académie du Cinéma in Paris and following a brief apprenticeship as an assistant director, he collaborated with Dalí on his firs film, Un Chien andalou (Andalusian Dog) in 1928.

In 1932 Buñuel left Paris for Spain and made Land Without Bread, a powerful and horrifying documentary about peasant poverty in northern Spain. It was banned in his homeland and was the last film Buñuel made for 13 years.

He worked as chief editor and chief of the writer department of the Museum of Modern Art in New York (1939-1943).

He settled in Mexico in 1946 and resumed his directorial career.

He became a Mexican citizen in 1948.

In 1961 Buñuel made Viridiana in Spain, his first film in his homeland for 29 years. The movie, which was sponsored by the Spanish government, was another scathing satire on the church and fascism. Government officials did not see the film until its Cannes opening in 1961, where it won the Palme d’Or. Like much of Buñuel’s Spanish output it was immediately banned.

Shortly before his death, he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella by the Spanish government – perhaps in a last-gasp gesture of reconciliation.

His films were shot in a few weeks on low budgets and rarely strayed from the script, shooting in continuity to minimize the editing time.

He was fluent in Spanish and French but never learned to speak English.

Praised by Alfred Hitchcock as the best director ever.

Although he was famously a lifelong atheist, he reportedly experienced a religious conversion at the end of his life.

Must-see Movies

Un Chien andalou (1929)

L’Âge d’or (1930

Los Olvidados (1950)

Belle de jour (1966)

The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972).

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